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National Park & Sanctuaries in India

 

Bandhavgarh National Park

Location: Umaria, Madhya Pradesh
Nearest Access: Umaria (30 Kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Leopards, Bears
Coverage Area: 105.40-sq-kms

Bandhavgarh Wildlife

Bandhavgarh National Park was the former hunting preserve of the Maharaja of Rewa and at present is a famous natural hub for White Tigers. White Tigers, now a major attraction around the world's zoos, were first discovered in Rewa, not far from here. The terrain is broken, with rocky hill ranges, running roughly east west, interspersed with grassy swamps and forested valleys.

Best Time to Visit Bandhavgarh National Park

The visiting season of Bandhavgarh national park starts from Mid-November to June, as the park remains closed during the monsoon months from July to early November.

 

Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary

Location: Bharatpur, Rajasthan
Nearest Access: Bharatpur
Main Wildlife Found: Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Boar, Migratory Birds
Coverage Area: 29-sq-kms

Forceword

One of the significant travel attractions in India, Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary possesses finest storks and various other kinds of birds imaginable. Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary (Keoladeo Ghana National Park) is a reserve that offers protection to faunal species as well.

Best Time To Visit

Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary is open throughout the year; still the ideal visiting months are from August-November for resident breeding birds and October- February for migrant birds.

Travel Tips

Visitors are advised to reach the gate half an hour in advance to complete the formalities for entry into the park.

How to Reach

The nearest airport is situated at Agra, which is 56-kms from Bharatpur. Delhi is 184 Kms from Bharatpur. 

 

Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Dandeli, Karnataka
Nearest Access: Hubli, Karwar
Main Wildlife Found: Crocodiles
Coverage Area: 5729.07-sq-kms

Preface

The calm and peaceful Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary is reputed as the largest wildlife sanctuary in Karnataka. Nestling some very rare animal and birds is an unspoilt, untouched and unexplored treasure of wildlife that is sure to leave you spellbound. Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary abounds with a richness of Flora and Fauna. 

Prime Attractions of Dandeli National Park

Crocodiles, Sloth Bear, Bush Grail, Deer, Elephant, Sambar, Tiger, Gaur, Panther and Partridge are some of the many inhabitants of the sanctuary.

 

Optional Visits

Ulavi Temple, Karwar and Kali Wilderness Camp for white water rafting and other adventure activities.

 

Best Time to Visit

Winter season is the best season for a visit to Dandeli. The months when Nagpur is ideal for a trip for the October - February. Summers are also nice for a visit, the climate being moderate throughout the season. The monsoons, however, are the least advisable time for a trip.

 

Nagarhole National Park

Location: Dandeli, Karnataka
Nearest Access: Mysore, 80 Kms away from Nagarhole
Main Wildlife Found: Snakes, Four Horned Antelop, Sloth Bear, Porcupine, Jackal, Mouse, Deer
Coverage Area: 64,330 hectares

Preface

Nagarhole National Park (NNP), the enchanting 247 square-mile park in Karnataka has an astonishing abundance of wildlife including large mammals such as tiger, leopard, wild elephant, dhole (Indian wild dog), and gaur (Indian bison). Other species present are chital spotted deer, muntjac (barking deer), mouse deer, four-horned antelope, wild boar, sloth bear, hyena, mongoose, civet, otter, and more. 

How to reach Nagarhole National Park

Nagarhole National park is well connected to adjoining areas of Karnataka. Motorable highways link the park to the towns of Madikere (90 km) and Mysore (96 km) . 

Travel Tips

One must arrive at the park gates well before dusk, for the road through the park that leads to the lodges is prone to elephant blocks and closes at 6 pm. Those interested in trekking should avoid visiting the park during monsoons as floods wash out most of its dirt tracks and leeches render trekking impossible.

Best time to visit Nagarhole National Park

Open year round, the best period being Nagarhole National Park October-May, especially April-May.

 

Corbett National Park

Location: Uttranchal
Nearest Access: Ramnagar
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Leopards, Crocodiles
Coverage Area: 1200-sq-kms

A Trust with Nature

One of the oldest wildlife reserves in India, Corbett National Park is famous for its wide variety of wildlife of Tigers, Leopards and Elephants and its beautiful location. Aboded in the foothills of the Himalayas, the majestic Corbett National Park is home to a variety of flora and fauna. 

History: Jim Corbett National Park

Corbett National Park was established in 1936, as the Hailey National Park. India's first national park and the first sanctuary to come under Project Tiger, Corbett supports a variety of vegetation making it the ideal habitat for the Tiger and its prey.

 

Rules and Regulations for Visitors

Obliviously you are not exploring the forest to be a prey to carnivores, So major parts of the forest are just not ideal to step out of the Jeep or Canter. Anyways being in the wild and encountering one it is advisable not to yell at them and tease them and don’t try to domesticate them by feeding them.

Preferred Time to Visit

The best visiting season of Corbett is from November 15 to June 15. Corbett remains closed between June 16 and November 14, when the monsoons flood the river beds and cut the fragile road links. 

 

Kaziranga National Park

Location: Bokakhat (23-kms), Assam.
Nearest Access: Borakhat
Main Wildlife Found: Rhinos, Leopards, Tigers
Coverage Area: 430-sq-kms

Preface

The Kaziranga National Park, when it is large enough, becomes a living self-sustaining organism providing its own climate, atmosphere, water and nutrition through its recycling systems. It even has a sleep wake cycle. As more light fills the sky, Kaziranga begins to awaken. 

Wildlife in Kaziranga

Kaziranga National Park is a birding paradise. In a landscape dominated by noisy Red-Breasted Parakeets, what strikes you about Kaziranga is the large size of the birds and beasts. Kaziranga is famous for Indian Elephants, One-Horned Rhinoceros, Wild Buffaloes, Tigers, Adjutants, Floricans, Fish Eagles, Pelicans, Hornbills & Storks. Indeed a thrilling and exciting sojourn! 

Perfect Timing to Visit Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary

Kaziranga's visiting season is from mid-November to early April months. During the monsoons, the Brahmaputra River bursts its banks, flooding the low-lying grasslands and causing animals to migrate from one area to another within the Kaziranga National Park.

 

Bandipur National Park

Location: Karnataka  
Nearest Access: Nagarhole, Madumulai and Wynad National Parks
Main Wildlife Found: Jungle Cat, Tiger, Wild Boar, Chital Gaur
Coverage Area: 87,420 hectares

Preface

The Sunderbans, extending over an area of 1,000,000 hectares, is the world's largest delta, formed by the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghana rivers.The vast swampy delta extends over areas comprising of mangrove forests, swamps and forest island, all interwoven in a network of small rivers and streams. 

Where to stay in Bandipur National Park

The forest department maintains reasonably priced lodges, rest houses and cottages. 

Travel Tips

Light cotton clothing is recommended for summers whereas light woolen garments are recommended for the brief winters. During rainy season, it is advisable to carry raincoats, as the rain is accompanied by a light breeze that renders umbrellas useless.

 

Sunderban National Park

Location: Piyali, West Bengal 
Nearest Access: Gosaba (50 Kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Bengal Tiges, Ridley Sea Turtle
Coverage Area: 1330.10-sq-kms

Preface

The Sunderbans, extending over an area of 1,000,000 hectares, is the world's largest delta, formed by the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghana rivers.The vast swampy delta extends over areas comprising of mangrove forests, swamps and forest island, all interwoven in a network of small rivers and streams. 

Major Wildlife attractions of Sunderbans

The Sunderbans forest is home to more than 400 tigers. The Bengal Tigers have adapted themselves very well to the saline and aqua environs and are extremely good swimmers. As you enter the adventurous wild land of the Sundarbans you'll be thrilled to see the chital dear and rhesus monkey. The aqua fauna of Sunderbans include variety of fishes, red fiddler crabs and hermit crabs. 

Best time to visit Sunderbans Tiger Reserve

The ideal time to visit the Sunderbans National Park is during the month of September and May. Winter make the time to see the mighty Royal Bengal Tiger sun-bathing on the river banks. 

 

Gir National Park

Location: Gir, 42-kms From Junagadh, Gujarat 
Nearest Access: Junagarh (42 kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Asiatic Lions, Liopards, Chowsingha
Coverage Area: 1412.13. sq-kms

Preface

Created to protect the last wild population of Lion outside the African regions, Gir National Park is situated in the southwest of the peninsular state of Gujarat. Spread over an area of 116 square-miles, the Gir sanctuary has been home to lions since 1913 when the Lion population over here fell drastically to just 20 animals.

Vegatation in Gir National Park

The region is warm and comfortable for most parts of the year with temperatures ranging from 24 to 28°C, except for the brief winter that lasts from October to January when the temperature hovers around the 19°C mark. Monsoon is erratic, but it generally rains from June to September.

Best time to Visit Gir National Park

In India the Lion population is spread across the states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. But Gir is not just about Lions, the Wildlife enthusiasts can visit Gir Park throughout the year, but the best period to visit the Gir Sanctuary is between the month of November and June.

 

Kanha National Park

Location: Mandla District, Madhya Pradesh 
Nearest Access: Mandla
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Liopards, Bears
Coverage Area: 1940. sq-kms

Preface

Nowhere can tigers be spotted as often as in Kanha National park. The park abounds in tigers who roam freely and carelessly. Spread over an area of over 1,940-sq-kms, Kanha National Park cum Tiger reserve is situated in the Mandla district of Madhya Pradesh. The noteworthy feature of this region's topography is its horseshoe shape valley. The whole park area is surrounded by the spurs of the Mekal. 

Flora

The park is characterised by varied terrain. Some part is filled with Bamboo forests and some with Sal forests whereas at other places there are meadows. 

Other Attractions

Safari Ride:Watching animals from the elephant back is a real joy . The vast openness of the place makes chances of spotting very high. Kanha Museum: Museum dedicated to tribal culture of Madhya Pradesh depicts the attributes and activities of the park. 

Best Time to visit Kanha

The ideal time to visit Kanha National park is in the months of April to June and November to January. The park is closed during the monsoon season.

 

 

Pench National Park

Location: Seoni, Madhya Pradesh 
Nearest Access: Nagpur (78 kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Langur, Jackal, Striped Hyaena
Coverage Area: 299. sq-kms

Preface

Pench National in the lower southern reaches of the Satpura hills is named after Pench River which flows from north to south through the Pench National Park. It is located on the southern boundary of Madhya Pradesh. Recently in 1992, Pench has been included under the umbrella of "Project Tiger" as the 19th Project Tiger Reserve. A total of 758 Sq. kms of this Southern Indian tropical moist deciduous forest has its extent mingling with the tropical dry deciduous teak.

Fauna

The Pench National Park is very rich in fauna and a number of endangered species have made it their habitat. There are 25 tigers under this umbrella of the Park. 39 species of mammals, 13 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and over 170 varieties of birds have already been listed. 

Seasons

  • October to January- Cold 16* c to 3* C
  • February to March- Cool 16* C to 26* C
  • April to June- 26 * to 42* C

Best Time to visit Pench Wildlife Sanctuary

The Pench National p is open to the visitors from November, 1st to June, 30th each year and closed during the rainy seasons (July-September). 

 

 

Ranthambore National Park

Location: Near Sawai Madhopur, Rajasthan 
Nearest Access: Sawai, Madhopur
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Leopards, Bears
Coverage Area: 392. sq-kms

Preface

Once the hunting preserve of Maharajas of Jaipur, Ranthambore National park is located in Eastern Rajasthan- the meeting point of the famous Aravali Hill ranges and the Vindhyan plateau. It is bound by river Chambal in the south and Banas in the north. The entire park is criss-crossed by many perennial streams whose source is a group of six man made lakes and form the main attraction of the park. 

Flora

The park houses over three hundred species of trees and 50 aquatic plants. Ranthambore's terrain pulsates between impregnable forests and open bush land. The terrain is made up of massive rock formations, steep scarps, perennial lakes and streams and forest suddenly opening up into large areas of Savannah.

Bonus Attractions

Ranthambore Fort & Jogi Mahal : Probably the oldest existing fort in Rajasthan, the birth of the fort dates back to the 10th century . Built on a rocky surface in the center of the park the fort covers an area of 392-sq-kms. Incidently, the park has derived its name from the Ranthambhore Fort. Once the fort used to be a vital citadel for control of Central India

Best Time to visit Ranthambore National Park

Ideal Time to visit The best visiting season of Ranthambore national park is during the months of October - March and April to June. 

 

Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: 37-kms From Alwar, Rajasthan 
Nearest Access: Alwar (37 Kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Leopards, Wild Dogs
Coverage Area: 765.80-sq-kms

Preface

Declared a sanctuary in 1955 and later a National park in 1979, Sariska Wildlife sanctuary is marked with dry deciduous forests.The landscape is dominated with sharp cliffs of hills and narrow valleys of the Aravallis. The ruins of medieval temples of Garh-Rajor, belonging to the 10th and 11th centuries are evident in the Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary. A 17th century castle on a sharp hilltop at Kankwari, provides a panoramic view of flying Egyptian vultures and eagles. 

Fauna

Leopard, Wild Dog, Jungle Cat, Hyena, Jackal, and Tiger. form the wild wealth of the Sariska park These feed on an abundance of prey species such as Sambar, Chitel, Nilgai, Chausingha, Wild Boar and Langur. Sariska is also well known for its large population of Rhesus Monkeys, which are found in large numbers around Talvriksh.

Best Time to visit Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary

Though open throughout the year for visitors as it offers yearround spectacle Sariska is at its best during the months of October to June. 

 

Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Location: Seoni, Madhya Pradesh 
Nearest Access: Nagpur (78 kms)
Main Wildlife Found: Tigers, Langur, Jackal, Striped Hyaena
Coverage Area: 299. sq-kms

Prelimaniries

 

Situated within the confines of the western ghats in the southern Indian state of Kerala, Periyar National Park and Tiger Reserve is one of the most captivating wildlife parks in the world. Formed with the building of a dam in 1895, this reservoir meanders around the contours of the wooded hills, providing a permanent source of water for the local wildlife. 

Major Inhabitants Of Periyar National Park

Apart from Elephants, the other animals to be seen in the Periyar sanctuary are gaur, wild pigs, sambar, barking deer, mouse deer, dole or Indian wild dog and very rarely, a tiger. There are, now, an estimated 40 tigers here. Four species of primates are found at Periyar - the rare lion-tailed macaque, the Nilgiri Langur, common langur and bonnet macaque. Periyar also happens to be the habitat of the elusive Nilgiri Tahr, which is rarely to be seen. 

Ideal Time to visit Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

he best season to visit Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is from the months of October and June.